The Importance Of Keeping Accurate Notes In Science

Science is a progressive act. This means that progress in science is a tedious process that requires diligent efforts with respect to record keeping because in the case of every scientist, figuring out everything about a field of study, such as any given sub-niche of chemistry, is impossible, even in a lifetime. Record keeping is of utmost importance and accurate record keeping can and will make the difference between work that is successfully continued by a scientist’s successors and work that is not successfully continued.

In the field of science, all of us stand on the shoulders of giants. In other words, we all learn from our predecessors and build on what they have taught us. However, we are able to learn only from those who have successfully transcribed their knowledge in an accurate and concise fashion so as to facilitate the propagation of the knowledge to those who follow.

Accurate lab notes are a must. Accurate lab notes will have a variety of properties including but not limited to:

An accurate introductory description of the process or processes being studied. For the information following the introduction to be understood in it’s proper context, an accurate introductory description has to be described clearly. Why is this subject of interest? What is the current understanding of the subject and why does it need to be studied further? What questions need to be answered before true progress can be made? All of these question should be covered in the introduction.

Clear and concise methodology. The work that is performed or is to be performed must be clearly spelled out for those reading the notes to understand the important steps to be taken to repeat and confirm the results. Each step must be labeled in detail and must be done so in a way that can be repeated using the notes alone. This is important if results are to be duplicated.

Well documented and understandable results. The results that are discovered by the initial experimenter should also be spelled out in clear detail as they may differ from the results obtained by those following them and trying to repeat their work. If results differ, this should be clearly noted by the scientists attempting to repeat the work and differences in results should also be clearly noted.

Objective conclusions. Conclusions should be recorded and based on evidence and results obtained. If data or results have discrepancies, these should be noted and discussed in the conclusion.

Cbse India Introduces A Common Syllabus For Maths & Science!

The Union Ministry of Human Resource and CBSE India are leaving no stone unturned to make lives easy for school students across the various boards in India! The latest stride towards this endeavor is the introduction of a common syllabus for Maths and Science for the students of classes XI and XII across all the educational boards. Therefore, from the academic year starting 2011-12, students from all the boards in the country can look forward to a uniform syllabus!

An initiative like this by CBSE India will ensure a level playing field for all the students while they prepare for their engineering and medical entrance examinations. Hence, while all you students studying in classes XI & XII, preparing for your national level engineering and medical entrance exams from the year 2012, need no longer worry about the extensive syllabi covered by your friend in CBSE or other national/ state board.

A common syllabus is just the first step by the Human Resource Ministry and CBSE India towards a flexible pattern of education that is comparable to the education systems existing in the West. CBSE India also has plans in the pipeline to conduct a common entrance exam for Medical and Engineering courses in India by 2013. If such a plan by CBSE India gains acceptance from all the academic corners in the country, life after class XII is only set to get easier for students.

However, implementation of a common syllabus by CBSE India has also garnered a lot of criticism by NCERT. NCERT is of the view that Council of School Board of Education (COBSE) has no right to push the common syllabus agenda. NCERT believes that the decision to undertake any curriculum revision exercise should rightfully rest with itself as NCERT has been instrumental in all such changes over the past years. It also believes that COBSE is just a coordinating body between the various school boards in the country.

Amidst all this controversy, major stakes are now on successful implementation of this common syllabus scheme for Maths and Science. Success of a common syllabus like this could also spread cheer in the lives of students studying in the Commerce and Humanities streams. Talks are around for a uniform syllabus for various subjects in these streams as well. What more could have students asked for to ensure a smooth and stress-free studying experience!

There are various websites that provide CBSE-aligned learning resources for students studying in classes V-XII. A common syllabus for Maths and Science will also ensure that more students can now seek help from such websites and reap benefits of quality and extensive learning resources.

All students studying under CBSE India can expect a lot of good news in the near future as well.

All the best for the future!

How To Develop A Science Fair Hypothesis

Science Fair Hypothesis

Younger students will often participate in science fair by presenting a science experiment that has a predictable result. That is, these age groups will follow instructions and use commonly found materials to demonstrate a fact or interesting tidbit about the nature of biology or chemistry. Older students, however, have advanced beyond simply using experiments that have already been done thousands of times before. At this age they will often be required to develop a science fair hypothesis and take all the necessary steps to prove or disprove that hypothesis. This requirement is designed for the older students because they have developed the learning and thinking abilities required for analysis and application. These higher order thinking skills are used to develop the science fair hypothesis and put that hypothesis to the test.

A science fair hypothesis can be developed around any topic related to science. One of the most popular science fair hypothesis categories currently being explored by older students is in the environmental arena. Many students are developing their own creative science fair hypothesis in order to address the concerns of environmental issues. While these topics decreased for a while, they are making a strong comeback, as students want to research a science fair hypothesis that will have a positive impact on the health of the planet. Many of these science fair hypotheses are developed by students at the high school level as an attempt to discover solutions to issues such as pollution, clean water, greenhouse gases and other problems we are facing on the environmental front. The current student body of budding young scientists is very motivated and interested in issues on this topic.

A science fair hypothesis surrounding the need for solutions to our even increasing concern for the health of the planet is one from which we all benefit. While the adult world may view these science fair projects as kid stuff there are others that will seriously consider the findings of these young scientists. Scientists currently working in environmental fields judge many of these science fairs. They are in search of the creative minds of the future generation in hopes of encouraging them to continue their work in testing a science fair hypothesis. What begins in school may just be the solution to our ecological problems on the planet.

Computer Science Curriculum

If you want to get a BS degree in computer science, you will need to complete approximately four years of schoolingthe same as for any bachelors degree. There are different types of schools that offer these computer degrees, ranging from online schools to technical schools to traditional campus-based universities. Whether you choose a traditional four-year college or an alternative program, your information technology coursework will include most of the same materials.

If you want to get a BS degree in computer science, you will need to complete approximately four years of schoolingthe same as for any bachelors degree. There are different types of schools that offer these computer degrees, ranging from online schools to technical schools to traditional campus-based universities. Whether you choose a traditional four-year college or an alternative program, your information technology coursework will include most of the same materials.

When you begin a computer science program, the first semester or two will be spent on the basic introductory courses. This might include computer history, basic terminology, and some other science-related course like calculus and chemistry. This is the point that students often decide which direction they want to take their computer science degree, which could range from programming to networking to computer repair and building. Programming is probably the most popular choice these days, though.

Once you have finished the basic courses and decide on the area you want to specialize in, you can start taking more specific courses. If you want to go into programming, for example, you can start taking fundamental courses in BASIC, FORTRAN and COBOL before more advanced courses on topics such as programming languages like C++ and PASCAL. Or, if you want to go into networking, you will begin taking courses that concentrate on networking systems like Novell and Microsoft Networks.

In most cases, a bachelors degree in computer science or information will involve some sort of final project. The computer and information technology program curriculum may vary from one school to the next, however, and it will also vary greatly depending on the degree you are going after. If you are getting a certificate or an associates degree, you might just focus on one very specific area or get a more basic overview of things. And, if you are getting a masters degree, the learning will be much more in-depth for your specific area of specialization. You can learn more about the program curriculum at various schools by visiting their web sites or speaking to a counselor there.

Find the perfect Computer And Information Technology School today and start your path to a rewarding career.

Save The Planet! Environmental Science Fair Project

Environmental Science Fair Project

There are increasing numbers of students who are choosing an environmental science fair project for their school assignments. Hardly a day goes by that there is not some sort of news event on the television regarding the problems we are facing with the environment. These students are choosing an environmental science fair project for school because they are interested in studying this area of science. Many of these students are very devoted to finding solutions to the current environmental crises. They have the long term vision that many adults lack by realizing that what we do now will affect the planet in a positive or negative way for years, decades, and/or centuries to come. They are taking this devotion to the cause and choosing an environmental science fair project as their topic of study.

An environmental science fair project can be presented on a wide variety of specific topics. Issues surrounding soil use and preservation are some of the most popular. These issues deal with loss of topsoil, which is where all the plant life is grown. This type of environmental science project can also examine the effects of runoff on the waterways of the world. The silting of rivers is a major concern due to the detrimental effects to plants and animals that rely on oxygenated water for survival. An environmental science fair project may also cover the issues surrounding the use of pesticides and other chemicals on the soil and surrounding wildlife. Students who demonstrate aptitude in these areas will likely continue their passion into their careers as agricultural scientists.

Other students who choose an environmental science fair project could focus on the latest increases in greenhouse gases around the Earth. While the task may sound too monumental for an environmental science fair project, there are ways to scale down the project. These projects are scientifically accurate and if properly implemented and documented can lead to the answers we are in need of to address this issue. Likewise, the study of animals such as frogs can lead to knowledge that can be applied on a larger scale. Frogs are the litmus paper for the health of water, and students can gather information in their local areas to determine the health of ponds and streams.

Getting A Degree In Computer Science Turns Easy With So Many Institutes Offering This

Computers are one field that is liked by people of all age groups and backgrounds. The penetration of computers in our lives has become much intense, after seeing the purposes the same can be used for. Many new advancements keep happening on this front to help people who use this platform enjoy features like never before. Cloud computing is one latest advancement that has taken over the industry by storm. This technology is now being employed by internet service providers largely to help users enjoy an interactive experience, while keeping pace with the most changing technologies. >

Seeing the popularity of computers and its involvement in the lives of humans, today many institutes, schools, colleges, and universities have started offering a degree in computer science. Having this degree is like having a ticket to a financially stable life. Most companies these days look for employees who are proficient in using the computer, as computers are no more just machines, but an imperative part of any organization on which relies the productivity and performance greatly. One such degree can be acquired easily after completing ones schooling. The eligibility for taking up such courses differs from institutes to institutes and before signing up it is crucial to ensure that, the enthusiast fits in that frame. Also, these degree coursers are usually of one year or more and the fees and topics covered also differ, which can be known by studying the brochure or catalogue carefully.

Playing games on the computer has emerged as a favorite activity among many and this attracts not just the kids, but people of all age groups. The popularity of such computer games thus led to the mushrooming of courses referred as computer games courses. These courses entail not just teaching how to play the games, but how to create new games for users. These games can be for many devices and not just the computers. A different approach is needed when designing a computer game for a mobile, which differs when designing for an Iphone and more. Students thus need to get apt knowledge about the same to create games that users can get involved in quickly. Creating an appealing game is not everyone’s cup of tea, but gaining required knowledge can help any person in learning these skills easily.

Before signing up with any institute, the person must make sure what is the course structure and fee structure they are offering to actually get what they are anticipating.

The author is an experienced Content writer and publisher for Business Development. Visit us on know more about cloud computing, degree in computer science and also about computer games courses.

Pharmaceutical Sales A Great Career For Science Degree Graduates

So you graduated with a bachelor of science degree and you dont want to become a doctor, dentist or work in a lab. You also dont intend to pursue a graduate degree in science either as scientific research is not really your calling. So you might be thinking about what type of careers and jobs are open for university or college graduates with science degrees.

I was in that same situation many years ago as I felt that I would prefer wearing a business suit rather than a lab coat for my working career. I wasnt interested in Petri dishes, Bunsen burners, flasks or dissection tools anymore. I wanted to carry a snazzy briefcase and have business luncheons instead.
So I was fortunate enough to stumble into a career field that I would stay in for fourteen very lucrative and rewarding years. This career was in pharmaceutical sales which turned out to be a perfect match of science and business.

There are many perks and benefits when working as a drug rep in the pharmaceutical industry. Salaries and bonuses could amount to six figures for high achievers and there is the use of a company car. Corporate expense accounts are also available for business entertaining. There are also the travel opportunities that are paid for by the company as many sales meetings as well as medical conventions are often located at nice places.
Being a pharmaceutical sales representative also means that there is a lot of freedom and independence with the job as fixed working shifts are no longer the way for a drug rep. Even better is that for 95% of the time, there is no boss to look over your shoulder while on the job.

Being a drug rep also has some intangible rewards I didnt expect when I first started. The field involves working with medical professionals to bring them useful products that will greatly benefit their patients. Drug reps with pharmaceutical sales forces can be considered as part of the overall health care team since they are playing an important role in helping patients.

So if you are a science graduate and want to do something in business rather than in a purely scientific field, consider pharmaceutical sales as a viable career option.

Svc Technology Revolutionizes Video Conferencing

A newly minted standard, called scalable video coding (SVC), enables video streaming at multiple resolutions, quality levels and bit rates. The ability to scale video performance based on the end point is achieved through this relatively new technology called H.264/SVC (Scalable Video Coding) that not only compresses but also distributes the video stream.

The standard allows us to have layers of encoded video, and if we use intelligent devices, it can allow us do lots of other things as well. To understand the principle behind these intelligent devices, we need to look at how videoconferences usually work.

Today’s videoconferencing relies on fairly unintelligent devices at the edge, and intelligence in the core, which is also called a “mainframe” model. A multi-point conferencing unit receives streams of video from each participant, decodes them, combines them and re-encodes them.

The traditional approach of doing encoding and decoding in the core introduces delay. It also means that users all get the same data stream, rather than one suited to their bandwidth, window size and client. In short, transcoding in the cloud makes for lousy conversations.

The SVC architecture puts more intelligence at the edge and a specialized router in the core. In the new model, the router and each participant’s client work together. They tailor data transmission to each client’s demands. When a client shrinks the size of their video window, the router knows and as a result, sends fewer bits, less frames, or lower-quality video to that client without affecting everyone else. The router isn’t busy encoding, merging and decoding streams, but it knows about processing, window size and bandwidth, which it can adjust dynamically throughout the call.

The standard tells us how to decode. The method used to encode is a lot harder and is considered the secret sauce. The router is usually a 1RU, Linux-based quad-core computer that handles up to hundred-way conferences. It is usually sold as a subscription model for about $1,000 per HD port per year, which is cheaper than the traditionally capital-intensive spending around video conferencing. Video gateways that let “legacy” video conferencing hardware work with the new standard are also available in the market.

This technology allows us to get live, four-way web-based conferencing in which each participant may have different local settings from a high-definition video at 60 frames per second to a consumer-grade VGA connection to a notebook camera. And the best part is that a typical broadband connection will suffice for end users.

Volcano Science Projectextreme

Everyone has heard of the classic volcano science project using vinegar, baking soda, and a little bit of red food coloring. This little experiment, however, is a little more extreme, and a little more realistic (do not worry, it is not actually dangerous!). This guide will teach you how to create a volcano project that really erupts with some force.
Unfortunately, the fake lava is not going to be quite so realistically red, but sometimes compromise means sacrifices! Here we go:
Gather your building supplies. For this project, you are going to need to start with a volcano. A prepackaged paper mache kit is recommended. Next, you need a two-liter bottle of diet cola. Use your paper mache kit to build a mountainous, volcanic structure around the bottle, leaving a hole at the top large enough to facilitate opening the soda bottle. Give your paper mache plenty of time to dry before you attempt the next step, or else you will end up with a sticky mess on your hands.
Paint your volcano. This is where you can get pretty creative, even though most volcanic mountains look pretty much the same. You can go for the standard black and brown color of rocks and dirt, or you can get a little artsy. Why not make a tie-dye themed volcano? It is just a science experiment, and science should be fun! After applying your paint, make sure that it is completely dry before you begin the next stage: Explosion!
Now it is time to add the trigger to the equation. Go to your local convenience store and buy a roll of mint Mentos. It is very important that you buy these in particular, as nothing else will work correctly.
Ready your presentation in a clear, outdoor space (trust me; you do not want this volcano erupting indoors!). Carefully take the cap off your diet cola, which, if you have followed directions, should be housed securely in your paper mache volcano. Commence with a dramatic countdown, and at its conclusion, drop a couple of the Mentos into the cola.
This is a fun experiment to do at school or at home, but if you are planning to attempt it, there are a few safety precautions to take. The reaction of the cola to the mints is very strong, and you definitely do not want to put your face near the opening of the soda bottle for the initial eruption. It is recommended that you wear goggles or some type of protective eyewear if you are going to be the one tossing the mints in the soda. Other than that, enjoy the spectacle!

Is technology making social anxiety worse

I love video games, I love my computer, and I love my flat screen, but I find myself wondering sometimes if technology is making social anxiety worse. Has the convenience that technology has given to us also hindered us from overcoming social anxiety as a whole? Has technology made overcoming social anxiety even more difficult by placing a virtual barrier between human interaction and physical contact?

We can research and make friends with people online, but there is a lack of human interaction. The advantage of being online is that you can find a community to help you with whatever problem you have, but the disadvantage is the lack of action. We start using the internet as our outlet to being social. There is a huge lack of “real” interaction. We can sit at home and keep ourselves entertained with the hundreds of channels we have. We can live our vicariously through the character we play on video games, hell we can even pay our bills online so we don’t have to interact with another human being.

I love the benefits that are given to us because of technology, don’t get me wrong. I think it’s great that I can do everything I listed above. I love the fact that I can save time and money by sitting at home. I think technology can help and hurt you at the same time.

The way that I figure it, technology is like a fine wine. Doctors say, for the time being anyway, that a glass of wine a day is good for you. On the other hand, If you drink too much, it can kill brain cells and also can cause liver problems. Technology, like wine, can affect your relationships if you take in too much of it and let it control your life.

I think it’s outstanding that I have friends from all over the world that I’ve never met and probably never will, but I think it can also stunt your growth when it comes to getting past the reality of shyness and social anxiety. I realize that technology is a tool we can use to reach out to others but we need to use it wisely and apply what we learn with it, to the outside world. We have to make sure we don’t use technology as a crutch to avoid physical social interaction.